Sea urchins, also known as just urchins, and sometimes called sea hedgehogs, are small, spiny, globular animals which, with their close kin, such as sand dollars, constitute the class Echinoidea of the echinoderm phylum.
The sea urchins have different appearances shown in different episodes. In most episodes, they appear as round, purplish-black animals with black spikes. In "Squidward's School for Grown-Ups," a brown and hairy sea urchin was seen sleeping on Patrick's face, and later work up due to Patrick's tears. It is, by far, the only sea urchin that could actually talk.
As seen in the episode "Eek, an Urchin!," the sea urchins are shown to have a crafty side to them. They manage to move around and dodge all of SpongeBob, Squidward, Mr. Krabs, and Plankton's attempts at catching them. They also have mouths and seem to talk in their own language. The sea urchins even have superhuman strength as only one urchin managed to drag SpongeBob across the floor while being trapped in a bucket and even pick up Mr. Krabs by the end of the broom, spin him around, then slam him numerous of times.
Only in the episode "Squidward's School for Grown-Ups," there was a sea urchin that could actually talk. It also had eyes (which even the sea urchins from "Eek, an Urchin!" don't have).
The sea urchins make their largest appearance in the episode "Eek, an Urchin!" It started out as one urchin causing trouble at the Krusty Krab. The situation was so bad that even Plankton decided to help (by using a robot and even dressing as a female urchin). It was eventually discovered that there were many sea urchins hiding under the stove. SpongeBob and Mr. Krabs eventually got them out but SpongeBob ended up putting them back into the Krusty Krab again.
A sea urchin also appears in "Plankton's Pet" where it, along with a Guard Worm and a Sea Monkey were released from their cages at the Pet Store and attempted to attack SpongeBob and Plankton. However, the sea urchin and the other animals were scared back into their cages by Spot. Like with the one from "Squidward's School for Grown-Ups," this sea urchin has a mouth and two eyes.
Unlike sea urchins in real life, they climb and bite fish, and they don't have spines to hurt them.
Unlike in other episodes, the sea urchins that appear in the episode "Eek, an Urchin!" are blue instead of black. They are also bigger and rounder.
Both the brown sea urchin from "Squidward's School For Grown-Ups" and all of the blue urchins from and "Eek, an Urchin!" are all male since the brown sea urchin had a male voice and called SpongeBob (who was dressed as a female viking) a "cutie" and the blue sea urchins all feel in love with Plankton dressed as a female urchin (named Planktonella).
Both of these types of urchins are classified as male due to them thinking a male character is really female.
As seen in the episode "Growth Spout," sea urchins can actually be eaten as one of the foods Mr. Krabs takes from Squidward's fridge was Pickled Urchins. This is a a parody of a real life food known as "Pickled Urchins."